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Author: 莊尊輝
Stoney Tsun-Hui Chuang
Thesis Title: 產業採購決策之研究-以抄紙機設備為個案
The Research for Industrial Purchasing Decision–A Case Study of the Paper Machine Equipment
Advisor: 楊文鐸
Wen-Dwo Yang
Committee: 李永輝
Yung-Hui Lee
張聖麟
Sheng-Lin Zhang
Degree: 碩士
Master
Department: 管理學院 - 管理研究所
Graduate Institute of Management
Thesis Publication Year: 2007
Graduation Academic Year: 96
Language: 中文
Pages: 93
Keywords (in Chinese): 抄紙機AHP分析層級程序法採購決策指標
Keywords (in other languages): Paper Machine, AHP, Factors of Purchase Decision
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  • 抄紙機為造紙企業最主要的生產設備,單體設備投資金額最高,其各部的單體設備組合影響到未來產品品質、運轉性能,更直接影響到未來市場的競爭力,但是由於設備選購時,影響設備選購的內部、外部因素繁多,如何選擇適當的設備,歷年來沒有俱有科學根據的正確數據可循,本研究即提出多項抄紙機選購之影響因子,經由資深紙業專業人員擬定及篩選出層級二的四個根本目標及層級三的十一個屬性以分析層級程序法(Analytic Hierarchy Process, 簡稱AHP)建構其權重體系來歸納紙機採購之專業評鑑指標。
    根據資深紙業先進專家參予問卷調查,經由各層級之綜合優先度評比而得出優先順序,依重要度排序之前五項為「經濟效益高低分析」、「自動化層次高低整合難易」、「備品取得難易度與費用」、「運轉率高低與原料適應性」及「紙產品品質高低」等五項要素。相對的,具「前瞻性與超越設計之潛力」、「同業評價」及「設備原產地」這三項要素,其權數值偏低。
    經由上述研究所得權數結論,應用於上海中隆紙業股份有限公司實際採購實例,經評定各供應商權重值加總,結論與上海中隆紙業股份有限公司之採購決策吻合。
    希望這些權數指標可做為未來抄紙機採購決策之參考。


    The Paper Machine is the main equipment and one of the most expensive facilities in the paper industry. The combination of difference segments inside the paper machine directly affects the operation ability, hence the quality of the future products. Consequently, how to choose the right paper machine influences the market competition significantly. Due to the various internal and external factors which could influence the purchase decision, there is no specific and exact rule to obey when selecting the paper machine. In this research, solutions of how to choose the right paper machine are generated by professional paper makers with AHP, Analytic Hierarchy Process, by which the purchase factors could be constructed during the analysis process selecting four criterions in level two and eleven alternatives in level three.
    According to the questionnaire results, there are five main influences as below. First, high-low analysis of economic benefits. Second, high-low of automation and integrates. Third, time in of spare parts and cost. Forth, high –low run ability and optimum of furnish. Last, high-low quality of paper grade. On the other hand, over capacity of productivity, potential design for the future expansion, co-enterprise evaluation and merit and original manufacture of paper machine have relatively lower weights in the research.
    In summary, we got the same conclusion in real purchase of Shang Hai Chung Loong Paper Co., Ltd. Thus we can apply the research conclusion in the actual purchase of paper machine of Shang Hai Chung Loong Paper Co., Ltd. We hope that the influence factors concluded from the research could help buyers when purchasing the paper machine.

    中文摘要…………………………………………………………………I Abstract…………………………………………………………………II 誌謝……………………………………………………………………Ⅲ 目錄…………………………………………………………………IV 圖目錄…………………………………………………………………Ⅵ 表目錄………………………………………………………………Ⅶ 第一章、緒論……………………………………………………………1 第一節 研究背景與動機…………………………………………1 第二節 研究目的…………………………………………………3 第三節 研究流程……………………………………………………4 第二章、文獻探討………………………………………………………5 第一節 造紙流程…………………………………………………5 第二節 抄紙機設備…………………………………………………6 第三節 供應商評估指標…………………………………………24 第四節 指標與權重………………………………………………26 第三章、造紙產業分析………………………………………………28 第一節 造紙產業發展特性與結構………………………………28 第二節 造紙產業現況…………………………………………34 第三節 造紙產業困境與展望…………………………………39 第四章、研究方法與設計……………………………………………47 第一節 AHP架構…………………………………………………47 第二節 研究對象與範圍…………………………………………51 第三節 研究架構…………………………………………………54 第四節 問卷設計…………………………………………………63 第五章、研究結果分析與討論………………………………………64 第一節指標向度之權重分析………………………………………64 第二節 採構個案與實例研討…………………………………73 1. 說明……………………………………………………………73 2. 供應商簡介……………………………………………………73 3. 紙機採購規格…………………………………………………74 4. 紙張品質規格…………………………………………………76 5. 採購決策實例評比……………………………………………77 第六章、結論與建議……………………………………………………82 第一節 結論……………………………………………………83 第二節 建議………………………………………………………84 參考文獻………………………………………………………………85 附錄……………………………………………………………………90

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