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Author: 江福源
Fu-yuan Chiang
Thesis Title: 層級分析法在營造承包商資格預審之運用
Contractor prequalification model using AHP
Advisor: 欒斌
Pin Luarn
Committee: 吳宗成
Tzong-chen Wu
葉瑞徽
Ruey-huei Yeh
Degree: 碩士
Master
Department: 管理學院 - 管理研究所
Graduate Institute of Management
Thesis Publication Year: 2014
Graduation Academic Year: 102
Language: 中文
Pages: 58
Keywords (in Chinese): 招標營造承包商資格預審層級分析法
Keywords (in other languages): Bidding, Contractor Prequalification, Analytic Hierarchy Process(AHP)
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  • "身為營造工程的業主最困難的決定之一即是選擇營造承包商,選擇了不恰當的營造承包商可能會發生工程糾紛、造成無法履約等狀況,這對業主而言常造成時間、金錢甚至商譽的損失。
    以台灣而言,現今合格設立之營造承包商的家數已達一萬六千多家,按理應有眾多廠商可供業主選擇,可是營造業在歷經了多次產業景氣榮枯的循環後,現今低價搶案的風氣興盛,以致造成履約糾紛仍頻傳。因此,如何篩選出潛在不恰當的營造承包商是業主在招標過程中非常重要的步驟,而營造承包商的資格預審機制則是業主在招標時可運用的最佳方法。
    營造承包商資格預審機制是一個多面向(包含定性和定量)標準的審查流程,通常是將各面向影響因子評分加權後總計分數作為決定判斷依據。不過,以往各面向影響因子的權重通常是由業主或建築專業人士所建議或設定,並不具有科學標準,因此使得資格預審機制常令人詬病。
    因此本研究將使用層級分析法(AHP),將各面向影響因子轉為層級結構,並將各影響因子之相對優先等級量化為的相同比例尺度的權重,以提供合適的模型供業主在招標時可計算各投標承包商的加權總計評價以做為決策時的參考。"


    "One of the most difficult decisions for the owners of construction projects is to select the contractor. Selecting an inappropriate construction contractor, disputes and not performing may occur. This is often caused by damage to the owners’time, money and even goodwill.
    In Taiwan, low-cost ethos is flourishing, which results in some construction companies’ failure to survive. Thus, how to screen out potential failure contractors from the bidding process is very important for the project owner. The prequalification of the contractors plays a prominent role in solving this problem.Contractor prequalification is a multi- criterias (includes qualitative and quantitative) standards review process, which total the weighted score for each factor as a judge. However, the weights of the factors are usually suggested by the owners or professionals, they are not getten by a scientific standard process. And, it is often criticized for the prequalification.
    Therefore, this study will be used the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) to calculate the weights of the each factors in order to provide a right model for the owners. It can be a reference when bidding decisions making ."

    摘要 ABSTRACT 誌謝 目錄 圖表索引 第1章 緒論 1.1 研究動機 1.2 研究目的 1.3 研究方法與研究範圍 1.4 研究流程 1.5 論文架構 第2章 文獻回顧 2.1 營造承包商資格預審模型 2.2 營造承包商資格預審影響因素 第3章 研究方法 3.1 層級分析法 3.1.1 層級分析法的意義、特徵與假設 3.1.2 層級分析法的流程與步驟 3.2 評估準則 3.3 問卷設計 第4章 分析成果 4.1 第一層評估準則的權重分布與說明 4.2 次準則的權重分布與說明 4.3 評估準則的綜合權重與國外研究成果的比較 4.3.1 第一層評估準則的比較與差異 4.3.2 次準則的比較與差異 第5章 結論與建議 5.1 營造承包商資格預審模型 5.2 本研究與國外研究之差異 5.3 後續研究 參考文獻 附錄一 問卷

    一、 中文參考文獻
    1.鄧振源,曾國雄,(1989),「層級分析法(AHP)的內涵特性與應用(上)」,中國統計學報,27卷,6期,第5-22頁。
    2.楊智斌,(2003),「案例式推理技術在營建產業應用之探討」,營建管理,277期,第45-54頁。
    3.楊智斌,葉坤源,(2005),「案例式專案管理廠商資格條件知識庫系統之建立」, 技術學刊,第二十卷,第三期,第231-240頁。
    4.翁振益,周瑛琪 等,(2007),「決策分析:方法與應用」,華泰文化出版。
    5.行政院公共工程委員會,(2014),「102年度政府採購執行情形」
    二、 英文參考文獻
    1.Jeffrey S. Russell, Miroslaw J. Skibniewski,(1988),「DECISION CRITERIA IN CONTRACTOR PREQUALIFICATION」, Journal of Management in Engineering,Vol.4, No.2,pp.148-164.
    2.Jeffrey S. Russell, Miroslaw J. Skibniewski,(1990),「QUALIFIER-1: CONTRACTOR PREQUALIFICATION MODEL」, Journal of Computing in Civil Engineering,Vol.4, No.1,pp.77-90.
    3.Jeffrey S. Russell, Miroslaw J. Skibniewski, David R. Cozier,(1990),「QUALIFIER-2; KNOWLEDGE-BASED SYSTEM FOR CONTRACTOR PREQUALIFICATION」, Journal of Construction Engineering and Management,Vol.116, No.1,pp.157-171.
    4.Thomas L. Saaty,(1990),「How to make a decision:The Analytic Hierarchy Process」, European Journal of Operational Research,Vol.48, pp.9-26.
    5.Jeffrey S. Russell,(1991),「CONTRACTOR FAILURE: ANALYSIS」,Journal of Performance of Constructed Facilities,Vol.5,No.3, pp.163-180.
    6.Gary D. Holt, Paul O. Olomolaiye, Frank C. Harris,(1994a),「Factors Influencing U.K. Construction Clients' Choice of Contractor」, Building and Environment, Vol. 29, No. 2, pp. 241-248.
    7.Gary D. Holt, Paul O. Olomolaiye, Frank C. Harris,(1994b),「Evaluating Prequalification Criteria In Contractor Selection」, Building and Environment, Vol.29, No.4, pp. 437-448.
    8.Abdulazlz A. Bubshait, Kamai H.Al-Gobali,(1996),「CONTRACTOR PREQUALIFICATION IN SAUDI ARABIA」, Journal of Management in Engineering, Vol.12,No.2, pp.50-54.
    9.Zedan Hatush,Martin Skitmore,(1997a),「Assessment and evaluation of contractor data against client goals using PERT approach」, Construction Management and Economics, Vol.15, pp. 327- 340.
    10.Zedan Hatush, Martin Skitmore,(1997b),「Criteria for contractor selection」, Construction Management and Economics, Vol. 15, pp.19-38.
    11.Zedan Hatush, Martin Skitmore,(1998),「Contractor Selection Using Multicriteria Utility Theory: An Additive Model」, Building and Enuironmenr, Vol. 33, Nos 2-3, pp. 105-115.
    12.K. C. Lam, S. Thomas Ng, Tiesong Hu, Martin Skitmore, S. O. Cheung, (2000),「Decision support system for contractor prequalification - artificial neural network model」, Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management, Vol.7, No.3, pp. 251–266.
    13.S. Thomas Ng,(2001),「EQUAL: a case-based contractor prequalifier」, Automation in Construction, Vol.10, pp.443–457.
    14.Kamal M. Al-Subhi Al-Harbi,(2001),「Application of the AHP in project management」, International Journal of Project Management , Vol.19, pp.19-27.
    15.D. Singh, Robert L. K. Tiong,(2005),「A Fuzzy Decision Framework for Contractor Selection」, Journal of Construction Engineering and Management,Vol. 131, No. 1, pp.62-70.
    16.Nabil El-Sawalhi, David Eaton, Rifat Rustom,(2007),「Contractor pre-qualification model: State-of-the-art」, International Journal of Project Management ,Vol.25 , pp. 465–474.
    17.Osama Abudayyeh, Saad J. Zidan, Sherif Yehia,Dennis Randolph,(2007),「Hybrid Prequalification-Based, Innovative Contracting Model Using AHP」, Journal of Management in Engineering, Vol. 23, No. 2, pp.88-96.
    18.Edyta Plebankiewicz,(2009),「Contractor prequalification model using fuzzy sets」 , Journal of Civil Engineering and Management, Vol.15, No.4, pp. 377–385.

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