Grouping Proof Protocols based on Low-cost RFID Tags
管理學院 - 資訊管理系
Department of Information Management
|Thesis Publication Year:||2013|
|Graduation Academic Year:||101|
|Keywords (in Chinese):||無線射頻標籤 、群組證明 、EPC C1G2標籤 、HF 標籤|
|Keywords (in other languages):||RFID, Grouping Proof, EPC C1G2 Tag, HF Tag|
|Reference times:||Clicks: 108 Downloads: 1|
|School Collection Retrieve National Library Collection Retrieve Error Report|
無線射頻辨識 (Radio Frequency Identification, RFID) 是採用非接觸式的方式對無線射頻標籤達成自動化識別的技術，此技術已運用在不同領域上如物流供應鏈、門禁管制及醫療照護等。伴隨著RFID無線射頻標籤成本下降之趨勢，RFID標籤將會逐漸普及於日常生活中，並成為企業相繼引進的技術。
近年來無線射頻辨識技術已經使用於醫療中心，利用RFID系統並將無線射頻標籤附著於藥罐或醫療設備上，在病人領藥或醫生行手術時，採用群證明的機制進行掃描並記錄當下附著無線射頻標籤的藥罐/醫療設備，並驗證這些藥罐/醫療設備出現的位置是否屬於合法的範圍。在本篇論文中，我們提出一新的基於低成本無線射頻辨識標籤之無線射頻辨識群組證明協定，且對於已知的無線射頻辨識群組證明的攻擊，已經加以防範以示協定之安全。由於我們的協定採用EPC Class-1Generation-2和 Class-1 HF標準的低成本無線射頻辨識標籤，可以有效率的使用於醫療中心外，也在低成本下促進增強病人的安全與減少醫療操作上的錯誤。
Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) is a contactless automatic identification technology. With the low cost and advancement of technology, RFID has been applied in various fields, including supply chain management, access control scheme, and medical care system. RFID technology has been considered as the next generation of technology for hospital environment to provide more convenience and comfort for patients, and reduce medication and treatment errors in recent years. One of possible RFID applications for hospitals is to attach RFID tags to medicine bags or treatment tools, and adopt a well-designed grouping proof protocol to record and verify the cor-responding medicine bags or treatment tools are in position. This study proposes new RFID grouping proof protocols for low-cost RFID tags. Our security analysis has in-dicated that the proposed schemes are secure. Since the proposed protocols are com-patible to EPC Class-1 Generation-2 UHF and Class-1 HF standards which are the most relevant standards for low-cost RFID tags, we believe that the proposed proto-cols are well-suitable for hospital environment to improve patient safety and hospital administration.
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