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Author: 唐偲瑋
Ssu-Wei Tang
Thesis Title: 適用於物聯網的輕量級連續性身分鑑別協定之設計
A Lightweight Continuous Authentication Protocol for Internet of Things
Advisor: 羅乃維
Nai-Wei Lo
Committee: 吳宗成
Tzong-Chen Wu
查士朝
Shi-Cho Cha
Degree: 碩士
Master
Department: 管理學院 - 資訊管理系
Department of Information Management
Thesis Publication Year: 2016
Graduation Academic Year: 104
Language: 英文
Pages: 60
Keywords (in Chinese): 物聯網連續性身分鑑別安全性分析
Keywords (in other languages): Internet of Things, Continuous Authentication, Security Analysis
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  • 隨著資訊科技的進步,智慧型感測裝置與無線通訊技術的成熟,使得物聯網(Internet of Things)時代的來臨,物聯網出現將帶給我們更舒適的生活方式,但由於感測裝置皆被部屬在開放與無人看守的環境中,使得感測裝置很容易受到攻擊,因此在物聯網中很需要一套安全的身分鑑別機制來確保資料的可用性與真實性。而近年來有些相關研究方法被提出,但物聯網有著在短時間內進行頻繁傳輸資料的現象,然而這些過去的研究方法尚未考慮到物聯網這種特別的現象,因為在短時間大量傳資料會使得感測裝置需要頻繁地進行通訊前的身分鑑別,對於資源受限的感測裝置將會耗費相當的資源與時間,因此設計一套有效率的身分鑑別機制是非常重要的。
    在本篇論文中,我們設計出一套輕量級連續性身分鑑別協定來解決上述的需求。本研究方法將裝置身分鑑別過程加入時間限制概念,並利用符記(token)與感測設備的動態特徵來針對每次資料傳輸進行連續性身分鑑別機制,達到有效率地身分鑑別,並且我們進行安全性分析有效證明這套方法可以有效增加設備間傳輸資料的安全性。


    In recent years, Information Technology (IT) has been developing rapidly. Smart phones, wearable devices, sensors, and wireless network technologies are getting more and more well-developed. As a consequence, we have come to the era of Internet of Things (IoT). The IoT will bring a more convenient and comfortable life. However, the sensors are deployed in unguarded surroundings, in which these devices are easily attacked. In order to ensure the availability and authenticity of information, it is important to establish secure authentication between IoT devices. There are some related approaches have been proposed. In addition, the devices need to regularly transmit sensed data to other devices in a short time period. According to the existing approach, the sensors need to frequently authentication in the beginning of each data transmission session. The resource-limited devices cost respectable resources and time in the course of such authentication. Hence, an effective and lightweight authentication protocol is vital to IoT environment.
    In this thesis, we propose a device-based lightweight continuous authentication protocol for IoT environment to address the issues mentioned above. We introduce time-bounded concept in our protocol. We utilize token and the dynamic factor of IoT device to quickly authenticate communicating parties in each session. The security analysis proves that the proposal protocol satisfies security requirements. Hence, the proposed protocol is favorable and effective between devices for IoT environments.

    中文摘要 I Abstract II 誌謝 III Contents IV List of Figures VI List of Tables VII Chapter 1 Introduction 1 Chapter 2 Related Work 6 2.1 IoT Authentication 6 2.2 Continuous Authentication 9 Chapter 3 The Proposed Scheme 11 3.1 Design Concept 11 3.2 Assumptions 15 3.3 Notations 16 3.4 Battery Consumption 18 3.5 The Proposed Authentication Protocol 20 3.5.1 Initialization Phase 20 3.5.2 Static Authentication 21 3.5.3 Continuous Authentication 25 Chapter 4 Protocol Analysis 30 4.1 Security Analysis 30 4.2 Performance Analysis 35 Chapter 5 Discussion 37 5.1 The Proposed Protocol for Gateway Initialized Request 37 5.2 The Proposed Protocol with Anonymity 40 Chapter 6 Conclusion 44 References 45

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