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Author: 郭孝儀
Hsiao-yi Kuo
Thesis Title: 行動隨意網路下的二次跳躍式鄰居節點認知路由協定
Two Hops Neighbor-aware Routing Protocol in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks
Advisor: 羅乃維
Nai-wei Lo
Committee: 呂永和
Yung-ho Lu
賴源正
Yuan-cheng Lai
Degree: 碩士
Master
Department: 管理學院 - 資訊管理系
Department of Information Management
Thesis Publication Year: 2006
Graduation Academic Year: 94
Language: 英文
Pages: 41
Keywords (in Chinese): 路由協定AODV隨意無線網路
Keywords (in other languages): routing protocol, AODV, MANET
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  • 行動隨意網路的路由協定在近幾年已被廣泛地討論,行動隨意網路中的節點依無線通訊的方式互相交換封包來進行溝通。因為節點的移動使得網路拓樸會頻繁地改變,所以在行動隨意網路中路由協定對於資料傳送過程中如何找出最適當的路徑扮演重要的角色。行動隨意網路的路由協定可分為三類:主動式、被動式及混合式。在被動式的路由協定中,路徑僅在需要時才被建立,因此它們也被稱作隨選式的路由協定。在主動式的路由協定中,每個節點需要週期地傳送封包並更新它們的路由表,所以主動式的路由協定會比被動式的路由協定造成更多頻寬及能源的負擔。混合式的路由協定則兼具主動式和被動式兩種特性,將節點經由分群的方式進行主動及被動的混合模式。AODV是一種被動式的路由協定且受到許多注意,當它需要路徑時會散播路由要求封包並等候回應以建立路徑。然而AODV使用單一路徑而不是利用多重路徑。在單一路徑下,來源點和目的點間原本的路徑發生斷線時必須再找出其他可用的路徑才能繼續傳送資料;相對於多重路徑下,資料封包可透過預先建立好的其他路徑來傳送而不需要節點去重新找尋可用路徑。我們所提出的方法是使用多重路徑應用在AODV上並因此減少因為散播路由要求封包所導致連結斷線的機率。最後,我們對所提出的方法進行模擬並評估效能的改善率。


    Routing Protocols for mobile ad hoc networks (MANETs) have been discussed extensively in recent years. Nodes in MANETs communicate with one another by packet exchanges on wireless links. The networks topology changes frequently because of node mobility, therefore routing protocols play an important role in MANETs. Routing protocols of mobile ad hoc networks can be categorized into three classes: Proactive, Reactive and Hybrid. In reactive routing protocols, the routes are established only when required, therefore they are also called on-demand routing protocols. In proactive routing protocols, each node needs to periodic send packets and update its routing table, so they will cause more overheads than reactive routing protocols. The Ad-Hoc On-Demand Distance Vector (AODV) is one of the reactive routing protocols and receiving the most attention. It floods route request packets when it needs a route to use and waits for establishing route by receiving route reply packets. However AODV use single path and do not utilize multiple alternate paths. With alternative routing, data packets are forwarded through a secondary path without requiring the source node to re-flood route request packets to the whole network. We propose a method to use multiple alternate paths on AODV and therefore reduce the connection disruption probability as well as the frequency of flooding of route request. Finally, we apply our method and evaluate the performance improvements by simulation.

    中文摘要 II Abstract III 誌 謝 IV Contents V Chapter 1 Introduction 1 1.1 Background 1 1.2 Motivation 3 1.3 Thesis Outline 4 Chapter 2 Preliminaries 5 2.1 Mobile Ad Hoc Networks 5 2.2 AODV and DSR 6 2.3 Related Work 11 Chapter 3 Research Architecture 13 3.1 Problem Description 13 3.2 Research Methodology 14 3.3 Proposed Approach 15 Chapter 4 Simulations and Discussions 19 4.1 Simulation Environment 19 4.2 Simulation Result 20 4.3 Analysis and Discussion 31 4.3.1 2HNa vs. NSR 34 4.3.2 2HNa vs. AODV-2HBR 35 Chapter 5 Conclusion 37 5.1 Summary 37 5.2 Future Work 37 References 39

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