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Author: 張翠園
Tsui-Yuan Chang
Thesis Title: 消防防護服之設計風險考量因子權重分析之研究:以AHP為例
A Study on the Risk Factor Weightings of Firefighting Suit Design:An AHP Approach
Advisor: 盧希鵬
Hsi-Peng Lu
羅天一
Tain-Yi Luor
Committee: 盧希鵬
Hsi-Peng Lu
羅天一
Tain-Yi Luor
黃世禎
Sun-Jen Huang
陳建雄
Chien-Hsiung Chen
嚴貞
Jen Yen
Degree: 博士
Doctor
Department: 管理學院 - 管理研究所
Graduate Institute of Management
Thesis Publication Year: 2022
Graduation Academic Year: 110
Language: 中文
Pages: 134
Keywords (in Chinese): 消防防護服機能服風險因子AHP 層級分析法權重分析
Keywords (in other languages): firefighting suit, functional clothing, risk factors, AHP model, weighting analysis
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消防防護服為消防人員於火場救災時最重要的保護屏障;在過去幾十年裡, 台灣消防員穿著過期消防防護服的情況層出不窮,消防員的人身安全令人堪憂。 因此本研究主要目的為「探討消防防護服設計時應考量的風險因子權重排序」。 本研究分兩階段進行,第一階段邀請 5 位與消防相關工作達 15 年之專家,以深 度訪談及修正式德菲法方式進行研究構面及設計風險考量因子的確認,設計出 AHP 層級分析問卷,問卷第一階層為「防護性、舒適性、素材、版型設計與科技 性」等五大構面,第二階層歸納為 28 個設計風險考量因子。第二階段則邀請 30 位與消防相關工作達 10 年之專家,進行 AHP 問卷的資料蒐集,回收有效問卷 23 份。
研究依中華民國行政院風險管理及危機處理作業手冊訂定:可承受風險機率 80%~100%為低度危險之風險,可忽略;可承受風險機率 60%~79%為中度危 險之風險,本研究以 70%當作可承受風險值。研究結果顯示:在構面上的權重值, 防護性 42%為最高,其他依序為素材 18.6%、舒適性 17.8%、科技性 13.8%及版 型設計 7.4%。在 28 個設計風險考量因子中,高風險因子有 8 個,依序為:抗焰性 不足、抗熱性不足、穿衣順序錯誤、抗穿刺及撕裂不足、靈活性差、整體重量重、 抗水性不足及耐燃纖維缺乏。但亦有幾項排序後面的風險因子是各縣市政府消防 防護服的驗收標準,因此權重分數雖低但仍須納入考量,例如:衣領防護不足、反 光條、袖口防護不足等。本研究成果可提供給相關業者、設計師及政府單位於採 購與檢核消防防護服時,多一項安全把關之機制。


Firefighting suit is one of the most important protective barriers for firefighters during fire rescue. In the past few decades, firefighters in Taiwan have been wearing expired Firefighting suit in an endless stream, and the personal safety of firefighters has become a major concern. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to "investigate the ranking of risk factor weightings of Firefighting suit design ". This study was conducted in two phases. In the first phase, 5 experts who have worked in fire protection for 15 years was invited. The in-depth interviews and modified Delphi method were used to confirm the research dimensions and risk factors, and design the questionnaire for the AHP hierarchical analysis. The first level of the questionnaire consisted of five aspects, namely "protection, comfort, material, cutting and technology", and the second level was summarized into 28 design risk factors. In the second phase, a total of 30 experts who have worked in related fields for 10 years were invited to facilitate the data collection of the AHP questionnaire. In the end, 23 valid questionnaires were collected for further analysis.
This study was formulated in accordance with the Risk Management and Crisis Handling Operation Manual of the Executive Yuan of the Republic of China, i.e., the risks with an acceptable risk probability of 80% to 100% are considered to be of low risk, which can be ignored. Nonetheless, the risks with an acceptable risk probability of 60% to 79% are considered to be of moderate risk. In this study, 70% was regarded as the acceptable risk value. The research results showed that: in terms of the weight value of the facet, the protection is the highest at 42%, the others are material (18.6%), comfort (17.8%), technology (13.8%), and cutting (7.4%). Among the 28 design risk factors, there are 8 high risk factors in the order of insufficient flame resistance, insufficient heat resistance, putting on the gear components in the wrong order, insufficient resistance to tears or punctures, poor agility, heavy overall weight, insufficient water resistance, and lack of flame-retardant fibers. In addition, there are also several risk factors with low rankings but are the acceptable criteria for Firefighting suit by the county and city governments. Therefore, although the weighted scores are low, they must still be taken into considerations, such as insufficient collar protection,
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reflective strips, and insufficient cuff protection. The results of this research study can provide important design references for relevant industry, designers, and government units when purchasing Firefighting suits for being as an additional safety control mechanism.

中文摘要ii 英文摘要 iii 謝 誌 v 圖 目 錄viii 表 目 錄 ix 第壹章 緒論1 第一節 研究背景與動機1 第二節 研究問題與目的4 第三節 研究流程4 第四節 研究限制7 第貳章 文獻探討9 第一節 消防相關研究9 第二節 消防防護服相關研究 13 第三節 消防防護服設計相關文獻30 第參章 研究方法 41 第一節 研究設計 41 第二節 研究理論與應用45 第三節 研究對象 60 第四節 問卷設計 63 第五節 問卷發放與回收78 第六節 研究倫理 79 第肆章 研究結果與討論 83 第一節 設計風險指標構面 83 第二節 設計風險因子分析 84 第三節 設計風險因子權重整合分析93 第四節 綜合評述 96 第伍章 結論與建議 99 第一節 結論 99 第二節 設計風險與管理意涵101 第三節 後續研究建議103 參考文獻105 附錄121

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