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Author: 周豐月
Priscilla Hartono Tjioekoe
Thesis Title: 影響勞動生產力的三項關鍵人力資源 投資因素的研究
A Study of Three Key Human Resource Investment Factors Affecting Labor Productivity
Advisor: 鄭仁偉
Jen-Wei Cheng
Committee: 陳俊男
Chun-Nan Chen
Shih-Hao Lu
Degree: 碩士
Department: 管理學院 - 企業管理系
Department of Business Administration
Thesis Publication Year: 2023
Graduation Academic Year: 111
Language: 英文
Pages: 49
Keywords (in Chinese): 人力資源規劃高績效工作實踐人力資源冗餘勞動生產力
Keywords (in other languages): human resource planning, high-performance work practices, human resource slack, labor productivity
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在2019-2022年間,全球化的新冠肺炎疫情,重大衝擊影響了各國經濟發展。當前經濟衰退的不確定性,也抑制了作為全球經濟增長指標的企業活動和盈利能力。尤其是過去所出現的高就業增長和低生產力增長的現像,而今愈演愈烈。在當前全球經濟環境低迷緊縮的挑戰中,企業如何有效利用人力資源、降低管理費用和提高生產效率變得非常重要。本研究旨在討論影響企業的勞動生產力的三個關鍵投資因素。本文採用理論文獻探討及理性邏輯推導,建立了人力資源規劃、高績效工作實踐和人力資源冗餘的投資對企業勞動生產力的研究模型,並提出三項研究命題內容分別為,研究命題一:企業在人力資源規劃的投資,會正向影響企業勞動生產力。研究命題二: 企業在高績效工作實踐的投資,會正向影響企業勞動生產力。研究命題三: 企業在人力資源冗餘的投資,會正向影響企業勞動生產力。本文的研究結果,指出企業可通過加強人力資源規劃、高績效工作實踐和人力資源冗餘的投資,來提升企業的企業勞動生產力。

From 2019 to 2022, the globalized COVID-19 epidemic has had a major impact on the economic development of various countries. Uncertainty surrounding the current recession is also dampening corporate activity and profitability, indicators of global economic growth. In particular, the phenomenon of high employment growth and low productivity growth in the past has intensified. In the current global economic downturn and austerity challenges, it is very important for enterprises to effectively utilize human resources, reduce management costs, and improve production efficiency. This study aims to discuss three key investment factors that affect a firm's labor productivity. This study uses theoretical literature discussion and rational logic derivation to establish a research model of human resource planning, high-performance work practices, and human resource slack investments on firm’s labor productivity and proposes three research propositions. Research proposition 1: Investments in human resource planning will positively affect the labor productivity. Research Proposition 2: Investments in high-performance work practices will positively affect the labor productivity. Research Proposition 3: Investments in human resource slack will positively affect the labor productivity. The findings of this study point out that firms can improve labor productivity by strengthening investments in human resource planning, high-performance work practices, and human resource slack.

Contents 中文摘要 8 Abstract 9 Acknowledgement 10 Chapter 1 Introduction 11 1.1 Research Background and Motivation 11 1.1.1 The Global Economy’s Dependence on Labor Productivity 11 1.1.2 Labor Productivity and Competitive Advantage in Enterprises 13 1.2 Research Purpose 14 1.3 Structure of This Research 16 Chapter 2 Literature Review 18 2.1 Enterprises’ Reliance on Human Resource Management 18 2.1.1 Definition of “Human Resource Management” 18 2.1.2 The Role of Human Resource Management for Enterprises 19 2.1.3 Human Resource Management Practices in Enterprises 20 2.2 Investments in Human Resource Planning 21 2.3 Investments in High-Performance Work Practices 23 2.4 Investments in Human Resource Slack 26 2.5 Labor Productivity’s Value to Enterprises 28 Chapter 3 Proposed Framework and Propositions 30 3.1 Proposed Framework 30 3.2 Propositions 30 Chapter 4 Discussions and Conclusion 36 4.1 Contributions and Practical Implications 36 4.2 Limitations and Future Research 38 References 40

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