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Author: 蔡佩穎
Pei-Ying Tsai
Thesis Title: 創業團隊心理資源與創業機會辨識—團隊創造力的中介角色研究
A Research on Entrepreneurial Team Psychological Resources and Entrepreneurial Opportunity Identification ˗A Study on the Mediation Role of Team Creativity
Advisor: 郭庭魁
Ting-Kuei Kuo
何秀青
Mei H.C. Ho
Committee: 郭庭魁
Ting-Kuei Kuo
何秀青
Mei H.C. Ho
葉穎蓉
Ying-Jung Yeh
Degree: 碩士
Master
Department: 管理學院 - 管理研究所
Graduate Institute of Management
Thesis Publication Year: 2018
Graduation Academic Year: 106
Language: 中文
Pages: 75
Keywords (in Chinese): 創業團隊心理資源內控前瞻性堅毅性創業自我效能創造力創業機會辨識
Keywords (in other languages): Entrepreneurial Team Psychological Resources, Locus of Control, Proactivity, Hardiness, Entrepreneurial self-efficacy, Creativity, Entrepreneurial opportunity identification
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  • 台灣過去幾十年來創業風潮逐漸興起,然而創業家在台灣經濟體中已為重要角色,根據調查顯示創業活動有助於經濟振興與減少失業率。台灣經濟體以中小企業為主,因此政府開始注重培養創業人才,各公家單位釋出獎金與培育計畫,希望藉此鼓勵創業風潮並協助往全球市場學習與邁進。
    本研究與科技部創新創業培育計畫(簡稱FITI)合作,以2015年兩梯次之參加者為資料來源,並將個人單位提升為團體單位,共收回了233份有效樣本,有效問卷回收率為66%,換算成創業團隊資料共52組。採用SPSS統計套裝軟體,以描述性統計、驗證性因素分析、信度分析、相關分析、迴歸分析與變異數分析等統計方法進行實證分析。
    本研究提出團隊心理資源一詞,包含內控、前瞻性、堅毅性與創業自我效能四項人格特質之變數,進一步探討團隊心理資源與創業機會辨識之間的關係,並以創造力為中介角色,同時研究年資與創業經驗是否對於創造力與創業機會辨識具有調節影響。本研究結果顯示: (1)團隊心理資源對創業機會辨識為正向影響。(2)創造力對團隊心理資源與創業機會辨識具有正向中介效果。(3)年資對創造力與創業機會辨識具有負向調節效果。(4)創業經驗對創造力與創業機會辨識不具有調節效果。


    In Taiwan, entrepreneurship has become a trend in Taiwan for decades and always played a critical role in the influence of economy. According to the past research, entrepreneurial activities help strengthen the economy and decrease unemployment rate. The major economy structure in Taiwan is SME. Thus government starts to emphasize on cultivating entrepreneurial talents, encouraging entrepreneurs to entrepreneurship and learning innovation from other countries.
    The research collaborated with the cultivation program, From IP to IPO (abbreviated to FITI), was held by the Ministry of Science and Technology in Taiwan. We collected data from the 2 stages participants who attended FITI in 2015. Moreover, we aggregated individual members as a team to be a unit. There were 233 valid questionnaires and the valid rate was 66%;Furthermore, turning unit to team, we eventually collected 52 teams. The research used SPSS statistical software, descriptive statistics, confirmatory factor analysis, reliability analysis, correlation analysis, regression analysis and analysis of variance to conduct empirical study.
    In the research we proposed “team psychological resources”, which consists of locus of control, proactivity, hardiness and entrepreneurial self-efficacy and also probed the relationship between team psychological resources and entrepreneurial opportunity identification with the mediator of creativity. In addition, job experiences and entrepreneurial experiences which are seen as the moderators between creativity and entrepreneurial opportunity identification used in the research. The results of the study show as follows: (1) Team psychological resources have positive effect on entrepreneurial opportunity identification. (2) Creativity plays a mediator role between team psychological resources and entrepreneurial opportunity identification. (3) Job experiences have negative moderating effect on creativity and entrepreneurial opportunity identification. (4) Entrepreneurial experiences don’t have moderating effect between creativity and entrepreneurial opportunity identification.

    第一章、 緒論 1 1.1 研究背景與動機 1 1.2 研究目的 2 1.3 研究流程 3 第二章、 文獻探討 4 2.1 創業機會辨識 4 2.2 團隊心理資源與創業機會辨識 6 2.2.1 內控與創業機會辨識 7 2.2.2 前瞻性與創業機會辨識 8 2.2.3 堅毅性與創業機會辨識 9 2.2.4 創業自我效能與機會辨識 10 2.3 創造力之中介效果 13 2.4 年資與創業經驗之調節效果 15 第三章、 研究方法 17 3.1 樣本與資料收集 17 3.2 研究假設 18 3.3 測量方法與統計結果 19 3.3.1 內控 (Locus of Control) 20 3.3.2 前瞻性 (Proactivity) 21 3.3.3 堅毅性 (Hardiness) 22 3.3.4 創業自我效能 (Entrepreneurial self-efficacy) 23 3.3.5 創造力 (Creativity) 24 3.3.6 創業機會辨識 (Entrepreneurial Opportunity Identification) 25 3.4 分析策略 26 3.4.1 驗證性因素分析 (Confirmatory factor analysis;簡稱 ;簡稱 CFA) 26 3.4.2 信度分析 (Reliability analysis) 26 3.4.3 相關分析 (Correlation analysis) 26 3.4.4 迴歸分析 (Regression analysis) 27 3.4.5 變異數分析 (Analysis of variance;簡稱 ANOVA) 27 第四章、 分析結果 28 4.1 驗證性因素分析 28 4.2 信度分析 與相關性 30 4.3 假設驗證 31 4.4 結構方程模型比較 33 4.5 迴歸分析 35 4.5.1 調節效果 35 4.5.2 中介效果 36 4.6 變異數分析 40 第五章、 結論與建議 41 5.1 研究結論 41 5.2 管理意函 44 5.3 研究限制 46 5.4 未來研究方向 46 參考文獻 47 中文部分 47 英文部分 48 附錄 59 附錄一、 2015年宏圖營個人資料 59 附錄二、 2015年宏圖營問卷數量 60 附錄三、 FITI創新業激勵計畫之問卷摘錄 創新業激勵計畫之問卷摘錄 61

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